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of biodiversity

At Repsol we are aware of the importance of preserving the planet's biological wealth. For this reason Repsol's position on biodiversity recognizes its strategic nature and establishes the principles that govern our activities in this regard.

Operations in sensitive areas

At Repsol we are aware of the importance of preserving the planet's biological wealth. For this reason Repsol's position on biodiversity recognizes its strategic nature and establishes the principles that govern our activities in this regard. Furthermore, we have company regulations that establish general guidelines for action with regard to biodiversity for all operations. We require an assessment of the environmental sensitivity of our operations and evaluate each project to determine whether or not to proceed, depending on the sensitivity of the area, the severity of the possible impact, or the level of mitigation required.

We participate in the biodiversity working group of IPIECA (International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association) and OGP (International Association of Oil and Gas Producers). The purpose of this working group is to manage impacts on biodiversity in the oil and gas sector. We continue to participate in the Proteus project of the United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), intended to develop better tools for managing and reporting all protected areas on a global level.

We are continuing with the Biodiversity Action Plans (BAPs) initiated in previous years.

Biodiversity Action Plans

We operate in several fields located in sensitive areas considered to have a high ecological value, including areas designated as category I-IV by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). We are committed to progressively design and carry out Biodiversity Action Plans (BAP) in these areas. A list of operations in sensitive areas and their main impacts on biodiversity is available in the biodiversity section at

In 2011, Repsol continued to develop Biodiversity Action Plans (BAPs) begun in previous years in exploration and production operations located in Block 57 (Kinteroni) in Peru, in Block 16 and Tivacuno in Ecuador, in offshore activities in Trinidad and Tobago and in the Auca Mahuida Vulcan and Llancanelo areas in Argentina.

Our progress in Biodiversity action plans

  • Kinteroni in Peru (Block 57): Following our 2010 agreement with the Smithsonian Institution (SI) to implement the Program of Evaluation, Monitoring and Conservation of Biodiversity (PEMCB), in 2011 we launched two projects in Block 57. We surveyed primate populations around the gas pipeline before construction to determine their numbers and diversity, and subsequently studied potential areas in which to install and evaluate canopy bridges for primates. In the second project, we mapped the natural habitats in the southwestern area of the block and other adjacent areas. This produced data to establish priorities for conservation and promote the development of the block while taking account of the unique nature of the ecosystems
  • Yasun in Ecuador (Blocks 16 and Tivacuno): During 2011, we continued our Biological Monitoring Program begun in 1994 with a new campaign to update the inventory of species and their state of conservation. We also initiated the Use of Natural Resources and Ecological Restoration project. This has involved conducting workshops in the Waorani communities settled within Block 16 to train them in the proper use of natural resources, and the construction of an experimental center designed in 2011, which includes various installations such as a tree nursery and breeding center for native mammals and fish, all designed to reduce pressure on the forest ecosystem and restoring its original state
  • Offshore activities in Trinidad and Tobago: In 2011, we designed programs to map the marine ecosystem with environmental data. As part of this plan we signed a collaboration agreement with the University of the West Indies to study marine birds and mammals in the area. The data collected was stored in the company's geographical information system, which enables us to improve our activity impact management. We also conducted an educational environmental awareness program in local community schools based on the results obtained. Finally, we have begun designing a bioremediation survey to identify organisms that may be useful in eliminating spilled crude oil
  • Auca Mahuida Vulcan and Llancanelo in Argentina: In 2011, we worked to identify biodiversity needs and the possible risk of impact on habitat and on species; and to prioritize and plan a number of measures to achieve adequate biodiversity management. We also established specific biodiversity indicators to monitor impact as well as conservation action, research, and education projects. We collaborated with the University of Comahue (Argentina) to conduct a biodiversity study, which enabled us to detect six species of reptile endemic to the Auca Mahuida Vulcan area, and the revegetation of six quarries.

Other biodiversity protection actions

More information on our partnerships and collaboration projects for protecting the environment at participacionesexternas.repsol. com and at

In addition to conducting Biodiversity Action Plans (BAPs) we have also taken significant environmental management and biodiversity protection activities, especially as part of the construction of the distillate oil pipeline from Cartagena to Puertollano in Spain:

  • We undertook initial studies before commencing work to prevent harm to protected species
  • At waterway crossings, our main prevention measure was to cross with no flow, thus avoiding affecting the hydrological functioning and enabling us to work in more favorable conditions. In special situations, such as the case of the Seguro and Mundo rivers, the system chosen to avoid affecting the environment was directional drilling
  • In the case of certain high-value plant species, we maintained a high level of protection, proposing variations and beaconing valuable specimens.

We also maintain our commitment to supporting projects and organizations that promote biodiversity research, conservation, education and awareness. Details of these collaborations are available in the biodiversity section at