Identity, size, protected status, and biodiversity value of water bodies and related habitats significantly affected by the organization’s discharges of water and runoff

We have developed an in-house tool, the Repsol Water Tool, which includes the most important features of the Global Water Tool[1] and the Local Water Tool[2], the main two methodologies developed and adapted to the oil and gas industry to identify and assess water risks.

We use the RWT to analyze bodies of water and habitats that have been significantly affected by water discharges. The tool contains information on the size of the body of water and the habitat, and indicates whether they are protected areas.

This tool has enabled us to draw up a water management map, which we used to define the company's baseline, and to establish a specific 2015-2020 water management improvement action plan for each facility. In general, the following are the main lines of activity on which these Plans are focused on:

  • Improving inventory quality. In 2016 we worked on standardizing and improving water balances, the identification and reporting of water-related costs and the description of the features of different water currents.
  • Preparation for new regulatory requirements. In 2016 we continued our work on Downstream facilities to be prepared to comply with new legislative requirements related to BREF[3] and, at Exploration and Production facilities, the focus was on the adequacy of the quality of all effluents as set out in company standards.
  • Reduction of competition for water. In 2016 Repsol continued working to attain excellence in operation throughout the life cycle of water, reducing captures of fresh water, optimizing the efficiency of water use in operation and increasing the use of recirculated water prior to discharge.

For 2016, the company had set a target of completing more than 85% of the tasks set out in the plans. This objective was surpassed, with almost 95% progress achieved.

In 2016 we also worked on adapting the RWT in order to identify and assess the main risks related to management of water in unconventional activities, assets acquired following the ROGCI purchase. The objective of the company for 2017 is to implement the Action Plan defined for these new assets.


  1. Global Water Tool: a tool developed by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and adapted to the oil and gas sector by the Global Oil & Gas Industry Association for Environmental and Social Issues (IPIECA). Its objective is to locate facilities in water scarcity maps and to calculate key water management indicators at global company level. Repsol was involved in developing the tool through the Water Task Force operated by IPIECA.
  2. Local Water Tool: a tool developed and adapted to the oil and gas sector by the Global Environmental Management Initiative (GEMI). It is used to identify and evaluate water-related impacts and risks of the center at a local level in aspects such as availability, quality, and ecosystems related to bodies of water affected by the center. Repsol worked with GEMI to adapt the tool to the oil and gas sector.
  3. Reference document on best practices.